Yangshan, nine mountain jiuhua mountain called ling, for nine peaks shaped like a lotus, began years (742 ~ 756) renamed the jiuhua mountain. For the three big mountains of inclined column in the south of anhui (one of the huangshan mountain and jiuhua mountain, b). Located in chizhou anhui province county territory, on the other side of the Yangtze river and the tianzhu mountain in northwest, southeast of the huangshan taiping lake and the happiness, is a "two mountain lake" in anhui, huangshan mountain and jiuhuashan mountain, taiping lake) gold tourist area north of the main entrance, the main scenic spots. 120 kilometers, the total area of 120 square kilometers, the highest peak 1342 meters above sea level, the center of jiu hua street geographical coordinates for longitude 117 °, 30 ° latitude.
Jiuhua mountain main body is composed of yanshan period granite, give priority to with peak, valley basin, mix water fountain. Ermeishan mountain rocky cragginess, a total of 99 peaks, of which tiantai, sky column, ten Kings, lotus, lohan, esteems, lotus and other nine peaks are most magnificent. Ten wang feng, highest elevation 1342 meters. Mainly concentrated in 100 square kilometers, within the scope of the scenery has nine son springs sound stream, five mountains, sea of clouds, flat, snow lotus peak, tiantai xiao day, month ShuTan seal, MinYuan bamboo sea, phoenix ancient pine trees, etc. High mountain monastery, cigarette smoke, and ancient towering, quiet, witty, known as the "lotus buddhist," said. Existing temple, 78, Buddha more than 78. The temples of the famous sweet dew temple, temple city, only garden temple, an ancient name for sandalwood, centenarians palace, meditation room, Lin hui ju temple, such as collection of thousands of pieces of cultural relics. In the mountains and money tree, jingle birds, giant salamander and other rare animals and plants.
In the mountain under well, cloud above the table, the different shape of overlapping peaks, the number nine, so the number nine mountain. Began years great poet-saint Li Baiceng number of jiuhua mountain, see the mountain show, nine peaks such as lotus, want to sing with my friends in the "change son nine mountain jiuhua interference and preface of yue:" miao have two gas, lingshan jiu hua ", so "nine mountain" instead of "jiuhua mountain". Li Baiyin jiuhua did: "yesterday in jiujiang (Yangtze river), far out at nine huafeng, tianhe hangs green water, showing nine lotus. I would like to a wave of his hand, who can phase from? Jun as the host, the lie chamaecyparis pisifera." "Tianhe hangs green water, show nine lotus" verse be depicted of the beautiful scenery of the jiuhua mountain song.
Liu yuxi in tang dynasty mountain at the praise: "qifeng saw surprised soul", "naturally endowed a stunner. "A river of wang wei painting, stone for Li Baishi". Jiuhua mountain, around a deep ditch canyon, hang down deep pools, the water flowing waterfall, spectacular, just like a picture of a pure and fresh and natural landscape picture scroll. The view is it everywhere, people moving scene change, the qing dynasty summed up there are ten views "9". After the opening to the outside world, the new monarch eight scenic spots, hundreds of new attractions. Old and new attractions in photograph reflect, natural xiuse accommodation with human landscape, combined with the four seasons, when the scene, sunrise, sunset, sea of clouds, rime, snow, sleet, Buddha's light and other wonders, beautiful, amazing, linger. Known as "southeast first mountain", "jiangnan first mountain" of reputation.
Welcome to Longmen Grottoes. I'm the Chen guide of the Marie family. Today I'll show you the wonders of Longmen Grottoes. First of all I have to say about the matters we should pay attention to: shouldn't throw rubbish, not spitting, not too excited about graffiti on the wall...... If you make these mistakes, you'll have to touch your wallet.
The journey begins, I want to say something about the knowledge of Longmen Grottoes: Longmen Grottoes excavated in the Northern Wei Emperor Xiaowen moved to Luoyang (AD 494 years) and, later, after the things of Wei, Northern Qi Dynasty, the Northern Zhou Dynasty, Sui and Tang Dynasty to the Song Dynasty, and to create a continuous mass for more than 400 years. The clouds in the two mountains cliffs, 1 km long from north to south, a total of more than 97000 statues, more than 1300 grottoes. The existing 2345 grottoes, inscriptions and inscriptions on more than 3600 products, 50 Buddhist pagodas, statues of more than one hundred thousand tons. Among them, the largest Buddha is as high as 17. 14 meters, the smallest is only 2 centimeters. All of these reflect the high artistic attainments of the ancient working people in china.
OK, my explanation is over. Then, please get off the bus and go and have a taste of it yourself! I hope my explanation will bring you satisfaction and smile!
Ladies and gentlemen , e to fenghuang, the place etos 1917 to 1922, mr shen had lived e other
Common people,and kno on the right hane is for displaying mr shen's photos.and are mr shen's hand .there is a mr shen's line dra is mr shen's bedroom and another one on the right is full of marble desks and chairs.
Dear friends, when you come to a famous historical and cultural city, you must want to see the most famous and characteristic scenic spots. When you get to Nanjing, if you don't go to Zhongshan Mausoleum, you can only see half of Nanjing city. Although Nanjing is known as the "ancient capital of Six Dynasties" and has many places of interest, such as "forty scenes of Jinling", Zhongshan Mausoleum is undoubtedly one of the most attractive and well-known.
When we talk about Zhongshan Mausoleum, we should of course mention its owner, Dr. Sun Yat Sen, the great pioneer of China's democratic revolution. Mr. Sun's real name is Sun Wen and his character is Yixian. Foreign friends call him "Dr. Sun Yat Sen". Because he used the pseudonym of "Zhongshan Qiao" when he was engaged in revolutionary activities in Japan, he was honored as Dr. Sun Yat sen in China. Sun Yat Sen was born on November 12, 1866 in Cuiheng village, Xiangshan County, Guangdong Province. He had little ambition. He studied in Honolulu, Hong Kong and other places. After graduation, he practiced medicine in Guangzhou, Macao and other places. Later, he abandoned medicine and went into politics. In 1905, he organized the Chinese Alliance in Japan, and was elected as the leader. He put forward the famous program of "expelling prisoners, restoring China, establishing the Republic of China, and averaging land rights", and the theory of "nation, civil rights, and people's livelihood". After the Wuchang Uprising broke out on October 10, 1911, Mr. Sun was elected as the provisional president of the Republic of China by the representatives of 17 provinces, and was sworn in in in Nanjing on New Year's day the following year. Since then, he has experienced many ups and downs, such as "Yuan Shikai stealing the country", "the second revolution", "the movement to protect the country", "the movement to protect the law" and so on. At the first National Congress of the Chinese Kuomintang held in Guangzhou in January 1924, he developed the old three people's principles into the new three people's principles, and put forward three major policies of "uniting Russia and the Communist Party to help farmers and workers". In November of the same year, at the invitation of Feng Yuxiang, he went north with illness to discuss the national plan. Finally, he died in Beijing on March 12, 1925 due to chronic labor.
The tomb site of Zhongshan Mausoleum was selected by Mr. Sun. It's a good place to build a mausoleum because of its wide view and magnificent weather. You may ask: Mr. Sun was born in Guangdong, died in Beijing, and spent his whole life traveling for the revolution. Why did he choose Nanjing as his resting place?
It is said that as early as 1912, when Mr. Sun took office as the provisional president, the abbot monk of Linggu Temple once recommended this geomantic treasure land of "Pingchuan in the front and Qingzhang in the back". On March 31 of that year, in order to seek the peaceful reunification of the north and the south, Dr. Sun Yat Sen resolutely resigned as president. One day in early April, he and Hu Hanmin went hunting in the area of Xiaoling Mausoleum of Ming Dynasty, and came to the site of the mausoleum to have a rest. Mr. Sun looked around and said to the left and right, when I die in the future, I want to ask the people for this land for burial. Of course, the momentum and Feng Shui of Zijin Mountain is not the fundamental reason for Mr. Sun's decision. On his deathbed, Mr. Sun said: "after my death, I can be buried at the foot of Zijin Mountain in Nanjing. Because Nanjing is the place where the provisional government was established, I will not forget the revolution of 1911. "Therefore, although Mr. Sun's stay in Nanjing is not long, Nanjing is of special significance to Mr. Sun. He chose Nanjing Zijin Mountain as the tomb site, fundamentally speaking, to commemorate the revolution of 1911 and inspire the revolutionary colleagues.
In order to respect Mr. Sun's will, the preparatory office for Sun Yat Sen's burial, composed of his wife Song Qingling and Sun Ke, inspected the site on the spot, selected the site of the mausoleum, planned a site of 20xx mu to repair the mausoleum, and published a newspaper award to collect the mausoleum design. Among the applicants, the bell pattern designed by young architect LV Yanzhi was unanimously awarded the first prize, and he was also employed to preside over all the projects. On March 12, 1926, on the first anniversary of Mr. Sun's death, a foundation laying ceremony was held. It took more than three years and cost 1.5 million silver yuan. Zhongshan Mausoleum was finally completed in the spring of 1929. Unfortunately, Lu Yanzhi, a talented young architect studying in the United States, devoted himself to the construction of the mausoleum. Unfortunately, he suffered from liver cancer as well as Mr. Sun. He died at the end of the project at the age of 35. The Fengan ceremony was held on June 1, 1929, and Mr. Sun's body was transported from Beijing to Nanjing. Since then, Mr. Sun has been sleeping here for more than 60 years.
The construction of Zhongshan Mausoleum is a great event in the history of Nanjing city construction. In order to meet Mr. Sun's spiritual pivot, Nanjing built the first asphalt road, Zhongshan Road, which is 24 Li long, from Zhongshan Wharf in the west to Zhongshan Gate in the East. Up to now, Zhongshan road is still one of the main roads in Nanjing. At the same time, the Chaoyang Gate of Ming Dynasty was renovated and renamed Zhongshan Gate. A cemetery road was built between Zhongshan Gate and Zhongshan Mausoleum. Just as Parisians are proud of the Champs Elysees and New Yorkers are proud of the Fifth Avenue, Nanjing people are most proud of the beautiful Boulevard of their city. The 3 km long Cemetery Road is undoubtedly the best representative of Nanjing Avenue. On this side of the "green corridor", Wutong is planted on the main street tree of Nanjing. People used to call it "China's Wutong", but traced back to the source, it is our native product. It was only because the French transplanted it from Yunnan to the French concession in Shanghai that they got the name of the combination of local and foreign cultures.
After leaving Zhongshan Gate, drive along Lingyuan Road, and the end point is the half moon square in front of Zhongshan Mausoleum. Please look south. Just south of the square is an octagonal stone platform. The two eared and three legged red copper tripod on the stage, weighing 5000 kg, is 4.25 meters high and 1.23 meters in diameter. It is one of the commemorative decorations of Zhongshan Mausoleum. The tripod was cast in the autumn of 1933 and donated by all the teachers and students of Guangzhou Sun Yat sen University and Dai Jitao. "Wisdom, benevolence and bravery" is the motto of Sun Yat sen University. There is a hexagonal bronze plate in the tripod, engraved with the full text of filial piety written by Dai Mu.
Stepping up from the square, facing is a stone archway with four pillars and three gates. Built in 1931-1933, the archway is 12 meters high and 17.3 meters wide. The building blocks are made of large pieces of Fujian granite, but they are made of traditional Chinese wood structure. When you look up, you can see the glittering word "fraternity" in the middle of the square. These two words are Mr. Sun's handwriting, originally from the Tang Han Yu's "original way" of "fraternity is benevolence". It is said that Mr. Sun loved to give away the word "title" when he was alive. Mr. Sun devoted his whole life to the bourgeois democratic revolution with the great spirit of fraternity, and fought for the independence and freedom of the nation. It can be said that the word "fraternity" is a high summary and the best portrayal of his life.
Walking forward from Bo Ai Fang is a 480 meter long and tens of meters wide tomb passage. The overall design of Zhongshan Mausoleum highlights the traditional Chinese style, solemn and unique. In order to reflect sun's sublimity and greatness, Zhongshan Mausoleum followed the ancient custom of taking the mountain as the mausoleum, and built the tomb chamber at the highest place of the mausoleum at an altitude of about 160 meters. In addition, the architectural vegetation of the whole mausoleum area is axial symmetry, which gives people a sense of solemnity. Please look ahead. Facing north, there are mausoleum gate, stele Pavilion, sacrificial hall and tomb chamber behind the sacrificial hall. The cedars, cypresses, Ginkgo biloba and red maple on both sides of the tomb path are opposite each other, replacing the stone man and stone beast used in ancient times, symbolizing Mr. Sun's revolutionary spirit and noble quality. Cedrus deodara is one of the four major ornamental tree species in the world, and has become the city tree of Nanjing.
At the end of the passage is the platform. According to the design of LV Yanzhi, the whole mausoleum is in the shape of "Mu Duo". Duo is what we usually call big bell block. In ancient times, it was used to announce religious and political decrees and war orders. Duo's voice is loud, and spread far away. It has the metaphorical meaning of "make the world reach Tao". The selection of such a scheme for the mausoleum reminds us of Mr. Sun's famous saying that "the revolution has not yet been successful, comrades still need to work hard", and its intention is also warning future generations. The platform square here is the lower edge of the "freedom clock" designed by LV Yanzhi. This magnificent three arch gate is the official beginning of the mausoleum. It is 16 meters high, 27 meters wide and 8.8 meters deep. It is also made of Fujian granite. On the banner of Zhongmen is Sun Yat Sen's handwritten "the world is for the public", which comes from the book of rites. Liyun's "the journey of the road is also the world is for the public", which means that the state power is not the world of any family, but the world of the people and the people. This is the ideal that Mr. Sun has strived for all his life and an excellent annotation of the three people's principles he advocated.
After the mausoleum gate is the stele Pavilion. On the 9-meter-high monument in the center of the pavilion, there are 24 large characters with gold inlaid face, written by Tan Yankai, a veteran of the Kuomintang, "the Chinese Kuomintang buried Mr. Sun here on June 1, the eighteenth year of the Republic of China.". At the beginning of the discussion, Wang Jingwei and Hu Hanmin planned to write inscriptions and epitaphs respectively. It took two years to write. We all think that Mr. Wang's ideological achievements can't be summarized by words, so we simply don't write inscriptions and use the present form instead.
Out of the pavilion, facing the stone steps layer upon layer. Nanjing people often say that the steps of Zhongshan Mausoleum are like stone lions of Lugou bridge. So visitors here often ask: how many steps does Zhongshan Mausoleum have?
Dear friends, you might as well count it, OK?
On August 27, Dad finally finished his work and fulfilled his promise to take me to Daming Lake in Jinan. The long-awaited wish also accelerated with the high-speed railway. His excited mood was like the tree shadow beating outside the car window, more like a string of active notes.
The first stop to Jinan is Daming Lake. The first thing you can see is the glazed tiles, vermilion painted pillars, and a row of antique gate buildings. Through the gate buildings, you can see the magnificent Daming Lake and the lush lotus leaves blooming on the shoal, just like a green paper umbrella on the lake. If you look carefully, there is another one A lotus pod, and a few beautiful lotus, is really "connected to the sky lotus leaves infinite blue, reflecting the sun lotus another red", echoing with the classical pavilions, feel like watching TV in the south of the Yangtze River.
What's more amazing is the stone Museum in Daming Lake scenic area. There are various kinds of stones in different shapes, such as jade, Taishan stone and so on,
At noon, my father and I went boating on the lake, feeling the quiet and peaceful atmosphere. Sitting on the boat, we watched the water waves quietly. Occasionally, a few red fish came to the surface, and occasionally a few water birds flew out of the island in the center of the lake.
In the afternoon, we went to visit Baotu Spring, which is known as "the best spring in the world". As soon as we entered the gate, I saw the plump Koi under the small bridge and flowing water. Some of them were glittering with gold and some of them were charmingly naive. Along the Qingshiban Road and the flow direction of the spring, we came to the memorial hall of Master Li kuchan. Master kuchan had heard of them for a long time This is the most attractive place for those who are interested in calligraphy and painting. It is majestic and lifelike. Let me look at it with new eyes.
After turning around the kuchan master memorial hall, and passing the memorial hall of poetess Li Qingzhao, we come to Baotu Spring. There are a lot of people watching it. From a distance, there are three spring eyes, and the spring water is surging, like three blooming flowers,
Spring clear bottom, fish in groups in the water swimming, carefree is very happy.
Perhaps in this beautiful environment, time will pass quickly, the twinkling of an eye is dusk, my father and I with a reluctant mood, set foot on the return train.